Monday, February 28, 2011



45. Who is an executive?
46. Why are they called executive?


47. Who are the political executives?
48. Who are the permanent executives?
49. Who are civil servants?
50. Why does the political executive have more power than the non-political executive?
51. Why is the minister more powerful than the civil servant?
52. What are the departments in which important final decisions are taken by the ministers? Why?
53. What are the duties of the minister?
54. What is the role of experts in decision making compared to the ministers?


55. Who is the most important political institution of the country?
56. ------------ appoints the Prime Minister.
57. Can the President appoint anyone of her choice?
58. Who can be appointed by the President as Prime Minister?
59. If no party wins a majority, who is elected as Prime Minister?
60. Does the Prime Minister have a fixed tenure?
61. He continues in power as long as he remains -----------------------.
62. The President appoints other ministers on the advice of the -----------------.
63. Ministers should be --------------.
64. The Prime Minister has the freedom to choose the ministers. True or False?
65. Can a person who is not a member of Parliament become a minister? What is the condition regarding this matter?
66. What is the Council of Ministers?
67. Who are Cabinet Ministers?
68. Who are the Ministers of State with independent charge?
69. Who are the Ministers of State?
70. When are the decisions taken?
71. The cabinet works as a team. True or False?
72. Can any minister openly criticise the government or any other ministry?
73. Every ministry has --------------, who are ----------------.
74. What are the duties of the secretaries?
75. Who are the members of Cabinet Secretariat? What are their functions?


76. What are the powers of the Prime Minister?
77. Within the cabinet ---------------- is the most powerful.
78. Describe the role played by Jawaharlal Nehru as the Indian PM.
79. Does individual personality influence the position of the PM?
80. What are the recent constraints over the power of the PM?
81. What is a coalition government?
82. How is the decision making power of the PM of a coalition government affected?
83. What are the problems faced by the PM of a coalition government?


84. The PM is the head of the --------------, the President is the head of the ---------------.
85. The functions of a President in India is same as the function of the Queen of Britain. True or False?
86. The functions of the President are ceremonial. True or False?
87. Is the President directly elected by the people?
88. Who elect the President?
89. What are the rules regarding votes when a President is elected?
90. The President remains only a nominal executive. Why?
91. What are the powers of the President?
92. Can the President exercise all the powers on her own?
93. On whose advice do the President function?
94. Is she bound to act according to the Council of Ministers even if she disagrees?
95. Describe the role of the President in the passing of a bill.
96. What is the only function she does on her own?
97. Describe the process by which the President appoints the PM.


98. Why is a powerful judiciary needed for democracies?
99. What are the components of the Indian judiciary?
100. India has an integrated judiciary. True or False?
101. What is the meaning of integrated judiciary?
102. What are the functions of the integrated judiciary?
103. What do you mean by the independence of judiciary?
104. How do the judges act?
105. Why do all modern democracies have courts?
106. Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Court? How?
107. Who is the Chief Justice?
108. Is it easy to remove the judges of High Court and Supreme Court from their post?
109. As an exception, how can a judge be removed?
110. Has a judge ever been removed in India?
111. What are the powers of the Supreme Court and the High Court?
112. What is known as the judicial review?
113. The --------------- and the ---------------------- of the Indian judiciary allow it to act as the guardian of the Fundamental Rights.
114. What is public interest litigation?

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